Dayak Students’ Attitude toward Bilingualism in West Kalimantan Indonesia

  • Muhammad Ainur Rizqi Tanjungpura University


Amid many studies investigating language attitudes, very few studies placing their emphasis on attitudes toward bilingualism. This study sets out to examine how Dayak students react toward two languages (i.e. Indonesian and Dayak Language) that have existed in their surrounding for quite a long time. This study was quantitative in nature, despite containing some elements of qualitative data. The study employed questionnaires that consisted of 20 main questions and 1 open-ended question. The questionnaires then were distributed online to 32 Dayak students studying in university with various discipline backgrounds. The results indicate that Dayak students in this study share a positive attitude toward bilingualism, although the rate varies if we investigate the smaller components of the attitudes. It is reported that the students are very positive in a surficial level of attitudes (i.e. cognitive components), yet slightly low in emotional dimensions (i.e. affective components). Further, the students also seem doubtful to implement their belief and feeling into real action, for example in education (i.e. readiness for action). This paper concludes by summarising key findings and acknowledging research limitations, especially concerning with generalisability and participant’s sociolinguistic aspects.

Author Biography

Muhammad Ainur Rizqi, Tanjungpura University

I am currently working as a non-permanent teaching staff at Universitas Tanjungpura. Prior to that, I was enrolled as a master student in University of Leicester after previously granted a scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP). My course was in Applied Linguistics and TESOL. I am also a member of ELTeaM organisation that regularly hold an international conference about ELT and Material development.

I have attended several international conferences either as a participant or a parallel speaker. In 2016, I attended and presented my papers to two international conference located in Perak, Malaysia (The 11th Malaysia International Conference on English Language Teaching (MICELT)) and in Pontianak, Indonesia (3rd International Conference on Language Teaching Materials).


I am also passionate about doing research in the area of psychological issues in language learning and teaching. In my master dissertation, I investigated foreign language anxiety experienced by students in the language classroom.  My paper entitled “Stress and Resilience Among EFL Teachers” has been also published on TEFLIN Journal, a leading Indonesian journal of English language teaching and learning. 


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How to Cite
Rizqi, M. A. (2017). Dayak Students’ Attitude toward Bilingualism in West Kalimantan Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 2(1), 29-40.