The Ideological Embodiment on Nadiem Makarim’s Speech: A Critical Discourse Analysis

Ani Maghfiroh, Sulis Triyono

Abstract


This study purposes to uncover the symbolic ideology and the structures of the speech discourse delivered by the current new-inaugurated educational and cultural minister; Nadiem Makarim on National Teacher’s Day. The descriptive qualitative method was employed to shed a light on the interpretation and finding of the study whilst the model of van Dijk in CDA was used to identify and answer the problems. The data were totally elicited from the speech text whilst it was as well used as subject of the study. The documentation method was applied and the data were afterwards expounded descriptively. The finding denotes that of the speech discourse’s structures including macro, micro, and supra, the speech is perceived to have certain language style usage by underlying topic of speech on conveying the mission of providing a change towards Indonesia’s Better Education. In addition, the ideology is as well indicated in ways behind the structures organized. The macro structure puts the ideology beneath the theme and the topic which are in the forms of ideology purposed as system of beliefs and system of actions. In essence, the tendency of the ideology lies on the aspect of speech theme in which it was utilized to invite (deliberately aimed) the educators and all parts getting involved in education realm and to believe and to act as what was expected.

Keywords


Critical Discourse Analysis, CDA, Ideology, Speech, Van Dijk

Full Text:

PDF

References


Behnam, B. & Mahmoudy, B. (2013). A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Reports Issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General on Iran’s Nuclear Program during the Last Decade. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 2196-2201

Djojosuroto, Kinayati. (2006). Pengajaran puisi: Analisis dan Pemahaman. Bandung: Nuansa

Djojosuroto, Kinayati. (2006). Analisis Teks Sastra dan Pengajarannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka

Eriyanto. (2001). Analisis Wacana: Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yokyakarta: Yokyakarta LKIS.

Fairclough, Norman. (2005). Analyzing Discourse, Textual Analysis for Social Research. London and New York: Routledge.

Fairclough, Norman dan Wodak, Ruth. (1997). “Critical Discourse Analysis” Dalam Teun A. Van Dijk (ed.). Discourse as Social Interaction: Discourse Studies A Multidiciplinary Introduction. Vol. 2. London: Sage Publication.

Fairclough, Norman. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: the Critical Study of Language. New York: Longman Publishing.

Fairclough, Norman. (1995). Media Discourse. London: Edward Arnold.

Fairclough, Norman. (Ed). (1992). Critical Language Awareness. New York: Longman Publishing. Terjemahan oleh Hartono. (1995). Kesadaran Bahasa Kritis. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press.

Fairclough, Norman. (1989). Language and Power. England: Longman Group UK. Alih Bahasa oleh Rohmani Indah. (2003). Relasi Bahasa, Kekuasaan dan Ideologi. Boyan Publishing. Malang.

Foucault, Michael. (2002). Power of Knowlwdge. Terjemahan oleh Udi santoso. Yogyakarta: Bentang.

Haliday, MAK. (1992). Language as Social Semiotic, The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning. London: The Open University Set Book.

Nurul Yaqin, MZ. (2017). Representasi Ideologi dalam Kata Hari Ini. LINGUA. Vol 2 No 12. 99-109

Putra, H.P. & Triyono, S. (2018). Critical Discourse Analysis On Kompas.Com News: Gerakan #2019Gantipresiden. Leksema. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 113-121

van Dijk, Teun A. (2004). Ideology and Discourse: A Multidiciplinary Introduction.

Barcelona:Universitas Pompeu Fabra,

van Dijk, Teun A. (1998). Ideology: A Multdisciplinary Study. London: Sage Publication.

van Dijk, Teun A. (1997). Sentense Topic and Discourse Topic. (Online),

(http://www.discoursees.org, retrieved on 16th december 2019).

van Dijk, Teun A. (1997). Pragmatic Macro-struktures in Discourse ane Cognition, (Online),

(http://www.discoursees.org, retrieved on 17th of december 2019)

van Dijk, Teun A. (1986). Text and Context: Explanation in the Semantics and Pragmatics of

Discourse. New York: Longman

van Dijk, Teun A. (1985). Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Vol. 2 Dimension of Discourse. New York: Academic Press

Wang, Jungling. (2010). Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack Obama’s Speeches. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 254-261




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/ijefl.v5i1.229

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics); Email: indonesianefl@gmail.com; Web: www.indonesian-efl-journal.org

Creative Commons License
IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics) by http://indonesian-efl-journal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and Abstracted BY:

 

  Hasil gambar untuk gambar moraref