Utilizing Video for Technology Integration Support in Indonesian EFL Classroom: Usages and Obstacles

  • Muhamad Nova Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Keywords: EFL classroom, technology integration, video, video obstacles, video usages


The use of video as a solution in supporting technology integration in EFL teaching and learning process in Indonesia still faces some obstacles in its utilization. Viewing from this issue, this study explored Indonesian EFL teacher’s perceptions on the usages and obstacles in utilizing video in teaching and learning process. Conducting a survey research by distributing questionnaires purposively to 30 EFL teachers, 22 females and 8 males, the results revealed that the Indonesian EFL teachers found that video is very beneficial in teaching and learning process, especially in delivering the learning material, building students’ background knowledge, bringing real-life language context, providing visual and audio input, and serving varieties of language expressions. It also gives positives impacts to students’ learning attitudes, including their interest, motivation, and learning styles. Even though it brings beneficiary effects, many Indonesian EFL teachers also mentioned five obstacles faced in using video in their classroom: limitation of facilities at school, lack of technical support at school, difficulties in finding suitable video, lack of skill in editing video, and less focus students on learning. Reflecting up from these results, it is suggested for EFL teachers to use video in improving the teaching and learning process in the classroom. It is also recommended for the EFL teachers to attend teacher professional development program to enrich their competence and skill in using video in teaching and learning process. Moreover, school principals’ are recommended to support the school facilities to promote technology integration at school.


Al-Maagbeh, I. F. (2015). The effectiveness of devising an ICT program in developing efficiency classroom management of EFL teachers' in rural basic schools at Al-Karak directorate-Jordan. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(10), pp. 120-137. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282283492
Al-Mohammadi, S. & Derbel, E. (2014). The effects of embedding information technologies within ELT on EFL learners’ motivation and interest. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 3(1), pp. 181-186. DOI:10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.3n.1p.181
Alresheed, S. & Leask, M. (2015). Factors affecting computer-assisted language learning in Saudi Arabia classrooms. Paper presented at the 9th International Technology, Education and Development (INTED) 2015 Conference, pp. 1-10. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273445264
Alresheed, S., Leask, M., & Raiker, A. (2015). Integrating computer-assisted language learning in Saudi schools: A change model. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 14(1), pp. 69-77. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282769450
Altun, M. (2015). The integration of technology into foreign language teaching. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 6(1), pp. 22-27. Retrieved from http://www.ijonte.org/FileUpload/ks63207/File/03a.altun.pdf
Anikina, Z., Sobinova, L., & Petrova, G. (2015). Integrating telecollaboration into EFL classroom: Theoretical and practical implications. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 206(2015), pp. 156-161. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.10.045
Bajrami, L. & Ismaili, M. (2016). The role of video materials in EFL classrooms. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232(2016), pp. 502-506. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.068
Bal-Gezegin, B. (2014). An investigation of using video vs. audio for teaching vocabulary. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 143(2014), pp. 450-457. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.516
Chouit, D., Nfissi, A., Laabidi, H. (2017). Exploring the Correlation between Professors’ Use of ICT in Teaching and the Levels of Institutional Support. JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics), 2(1), 2017. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v2i1.39
Ezza, E. S. Y. & Bakry, S. A. (2014). Technology-enhanced instruction in a Saudi EFL classroom. Arab World English Journal, Special Issue on CALL (1), pp. 55-66. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272415469
Gebremedhin, M. A. & Fenta, A. A. (2015). Assessing teachers’ perception on integrating ICT in teaching learning process: The case of Adwa college. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(4), pp. 114-124. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278303385
Gowhary, H., Pourhalashi, Z., Jamalinesari, A., & Azizifar, A. (2014). Investigating the effect of video captioning on Iranian EFL learners' listening comprehension. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 192(2015), pp. 205-212. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.029
Hedayati, H. F. & Marandi, S. (2014). Iranian EFL teachers' perceptions of the difficulties of implementing CALL. ReCALL, 26(3), pp. 298-314. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/251880750
Hu, Z. & McGrath, I. (2012). Integrating ICT into college English: An implementation study of a national reform. Education and Information Technologies, 17(2), pp. 147-165. DOI:10.1007/s10639-011-9153-0
Isisag, K. U. (2012). The positive effects of integrating ICT in foreign language teaching. Paper at the International Conference of ICT for Language learning 5th edition, pp. 1-5. Retrieved from http://conference.pixel-online.net/ICT4LL2012/common/download/Paper_pdf/235-IBT107-FP-Isisag-ICT2012.pdf
Kabooha, R. & Elyas, T. (2015). The impacts of using YouTube videos on learning vocabulary in Saudi EFL classrooms. Paper presented at the ICERI 2015 Conference, pp. 3525-3531. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283153582
Laabidi, Hicham. (2016). The Effect of Age on English Professors’ Integration of the New Technologies in Teaching. IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics), 1(1), 2016
Laabidi, Youssouf & Laabidi, Hicham. (2016). Barriers Affecting Successful Integration of ICT in Moroccan Universities. JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics), 1(3), 2016
Lakshmi, B. S. (2012). Reflective Practice through Video Recording and Journal Writing-A Case Study. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature®, Vol 18, No 4 (2012)
Mahmood, A., Bokhari, N. H., & Naqvi, F. (2011). Effects of use of ICT: Students’ perception at higher education level. Elixir Social Studies, 38(2011), pp. 4218-4221. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273756400
Marefat, F. & Hassanzadeh, M. (2014). Vodcast: A breakthrough in developing incidental vocabulary learning? Iranian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 17(2), pp. 27-58. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283346575
Munir, Fathul. (2016). The Effectiveness of Teaching Vocabulary by Using Cartoon Film toward Vocabulary Mastery of EFL Students. JELTL (Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics), 1(1), 2016
Ockert, D. (2015). A correlation analysis of tech-based English activities and Japanese elementary student affective variables. Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research, 4(1), pp. 1-12. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283615290
Park, Y. & Jung, E. (2016). Exploring the use of video-clips for motivation building in a secondary school EFL setting. English Language Teaching, 9(10), pp. 81-89. DOI:10.5539/elt.v9n10p81
Rakhmawati, S.S. (2016). The Role of Moving Images in the Conference Interpreting Classroom. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Raman, A. & Mohamed, A. H. (2013). Issues of ICT usage among Malaysian secondary school English teachers. English Language Teaching, 6(9), pp. 74-82. DOI:10.5539/elt.v6n9p74
Safarali, S. K. & Hamidi, H. (2012). The impact of videos presenting speakers’ gestures and facial clues on Iranian EFL learners’ listening comprehension. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(6), pp. 106-114. DOI:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.6p.106
Shahani, S. & Tahriri, A. (2015). The impact of silent and freeze-frame viewing techniques of video materials on the intermediate EFL learners’ listening comprehension. Sage Open, 5(2), pp. 1-8. DOI:10.1177/2158244015585999
Soong, D. (2012). Using documentary films in oral interpretation class: What is the appropriate length? International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(6), pp. 131-141. DOI:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.6p.131
Tanveer, M. (2011). Integrating E-learning in classroom-based language teaching: Perceptions, challenges and strategies. Paper presented at the 4th International Conference “ICT for Language Learning, pp. 1-6. Retrieved from http://conference.pixel-online.net/ICT4LL2011/common/download/Paper_pdf/IEC141-252-FP-Tanveer-ICT4LL2011.pdf
Thang, S.M., et al. (2016). ICT Tools Patterns of Use among Malaysian ESL Undergraduates. GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies, Vol 16, No 1 (2016)
Wu, Y. C. J., Pan, C. I., & Yuan, C. H. (2016). Attitudes towards the use of information and communication technology in management education. Behavior & Information Technology, 1(1), pp.1-12. DOI:10.1080/0144929X.2016.1212928
How to Cite
Nova, M. (2017). Utilizing Video for Technology Integration Support in Indonesian EFL Classroom: Usages and Obstacles. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 2(1), 15-28. https://doi.org/10.21462/ijefll.v2i1.28