Phonological System of Tengger Dialect : In Ngoko Speech Level

Dwi Astuti Wahyu Nurhayati


This research reports on Phonological System of Tengger Dialect (in Ngoko Speech Level) and focuses on how the consonant, vowel system, the syllabic, cluster construction are; what factors influence Phonological System Tengger Dialect in Ngoko Speech Level. Techniques of collecting data include field observations, recordings and direct interviews. The analysis includes reducing data, presenting the data, conclusion. Notes and phonetic transcription are classified into lingual unit, and they are written into version of ordinary words and form of symbols. Patterns  of Tengger syllabic construction are: cvcvcv-kawula, cvc-nak, cvcvc-paran, cccvcvvc-nggate’en, cvccv cekne, cv cvcvcvc -ta baliken, cvvcc-reang, different phonemic happens in suffix~na ® ~ en,” Ta balikna~ta baliken, nggatekna-nggate’en (from  syllabic na~en),jare ® njare (embedded sound~ n before  j). Different lexicon also happens in sesuk-kesuk-tomorrow, ora ana-nana –nothing.The factors  contributing to the survival of the dialect are that the speakers live in remote and isolated area such as forest.

Full Text:



Bogdan, R.C, & Biklen, S.K,. (1992). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Dobrovolsky, M., O Grady, W. & Katamba, F. (1996). Contemporary Linguistics : An Introduction.United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.

Hock, Hans Henrich. (1986). Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin; New York; Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter.

Jacobson, R. (1982). Fundamental of Language. The Hague: Mouton.

Jensen, Klaus Bruhn and Nicholas W. Jankowski. (1991). A Handbook of Methodologies for Mass Communication Research.

Kisyani, L. (1995). ”Bahasa Jawa Dialek Jawa Timur di Mojokerto: Kajian Geografi”. Thesis. Yogyakarta:UGM.

Miles, H.B, & Huberman, A.M,. (1987). Qualitative Data Analysis. London: Sage Publication.

Moleong, L.J,. (2009). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. B Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Nasution, S,. (2003). Metode Penelitian Naturalistik:Kualitatif. Bandung: Tarsito.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2008a). Improving Students’English Vocabulary Mastery through Games (A Classroom Action Research in the Islam Kindergarten of Al-Irsyad Madiun in the Academic Year 2007/2008). Surakarta.Graduate School of Sebelas Maret University.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2014b). Using Picture Series to Inspire Reading Comprehension for the Second Semester Students of English Department of IAIN Tulungagung. Dinamika Ilmu Journal.Vol.14.No.2.Desember 2014: 176-189.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2015a). Morphological Process and Morphophonemic Process of Allay Variation.Lingua.Vol.12.No.1, March 2015.61-72.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2015b). Improving Students’ English Pronunciation Ability through Go Fish Game and Maze Game. Dinamika Ilmu Journal.Vol 15 No 2, December 2015: 215-234.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu & Yuwartatik. (2016a). Illocutionary and Perlocutionary Acts on Main Characters Dialogues in John Milne’s Novel: “The Black Cat”. IJOLT, 1(1), January 2016.67-96.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2016b). Word Formation Procesess and a Technique in Understanding Waria Slang Tulungagung. EFL Journal.Vol.1.No.1.March 2016.59-87.

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. (2016c). Using Local Drama in Writing and Speaking: EFL Learners’ Creative Expression. JELTL. Vol.1.No.1. April 2016. 51-77.

Mulyana, Deddy. (2001). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Paradigma Baru Ilmu Komunikasi dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Sariono, Agus. (1993). Pergeseran Dialek Bahasa Jawa di Tengger. Jember.

Soedjito,dkk. (1994). Struktur Bahasa Jawa Dialek Tengger. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Sutoko, dkk. (1985). Geografi Bahasa Jawa Dialek Tengger. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Smith-Hefner, Nanci,J. (1988). Cara Tengger: Notes on a Non-Standard Dialect of Javanese. in Richard McGinn (Ed.). Studies in Austronesian Linguistics. Ohio University Center for International Studies for Southeast Asia Studies.

Wardhaugh, R. (2006). Introduction to Sociolinguistics. United Sates of America: Blackwell Publishing.

Yule, George. (1998). The Study of Language. London. Cambridge University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics); Email:; Web:

Creative Commons License
IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics) by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and Abstracted BY:


  Hasil gambar untuk gambar moraref