Providing Explicit Language Instruction to Assist Students’ Language Learning in EFL Classrooms

Suci Noer Wulan Sari

Abstract


In language teaching process, instruction becomes one of important things to provide in order to encourage students’ language learning. Since the late 1960s, one of the language instructions that has been available is explicit language instruction which is believed as one of useful tools for the teaching practice. Given that the present study tried to investigate how English lecturers provide explicit language instruction in EFL classrooms to assist their students’ language learning. To gain the data, a case study employing semi-structured interviews and classroom observations were conducted. Two English lecturers were purposively selected to be the participants of the study for their familiarity of the instruction. Based on the analysis, the study revealed some of the elements of explicit language instruction provided such as clearly stating the lesson’s objectives and teachers’ expectations, using language clearly and concisely, providing step-by-step demonstrations and adequate examples, guiding students through practices on language functions, monitoring student performance and responses by giving feedbacks, and encouraging students to organize knowledge.  It can be concluded that explicit language instruction actually can be considered for classroom improvement. Future studies are suggested to investigate students’ voices of the implementation of the instruction that may actually help their lecturers better their teaching practices and favour their students’ learning outcomes. 


Keywords


explicit language instruction, language learning, EFL classrooms, case study, classroom improvement

Full Text:

PDF

References


Archer, A.L., & Hughes, C. A. (2011). Explicit instruction: Effective and efficient teaching. New York: The Guilford Press.

Ballou, A. K. (2012). Using explicit strategy instruction to improve reading comprehension. Manuscript of Master thesis. Fisher Digital Publications. St. John Fisher College. Retrieved [October 20, 2017] from: http://fisherpub.sjfc.edu/education_ETD_masters/221

Bot, K. de., Lowie, W., & Verspoor, M. (2005). Second language acquisition: An advanced resource book. Oxon: Routledge.

Ellis, Rod. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hall, T., & Vue, G. (2014). Explicit instruction. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. Retrieved [October 20, 2017] from http://aem.cast.org/about/publications/2002/ncac-explicit-instruction.html

Harrell, M. C., & Bradley, M. A. (2009). Data collection methods: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. USA: RAND Corporation.

Krashen, S. D. (1981). Second language acquisition and second language learning. Pergamon Press Inc.

Lakoff, R. T. (2000). The language war. California: University of California Press.

Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. California: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). Qualitative data analysis: A sourcebook of new methods. California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Nasaji, H. (2017). Language instruction and language acquisition: A complex interplay. Language Teaching Research 2017, 2(5), 543-545. doi: 10.1177/1362168817727203.

Nezakat-Alhossaini, M., Youhanaee, M., & Moinzadeh, A. (2014). Impact of explicit instruction on EFL learners’ implicit and explicit knowledge: A case of English relative clauses. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(2), 183-199. Retrieved [October 22, 2017] from: dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/104821

Rahimpour, M., & Salimi, A. (2010). The impact of explicit instruction on foreign language learners‘ performance. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2, 1740–1746. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.976

Talley, P. C., & Hui-ling, T. (2014). Implicit and explicit teaching of English speaking in the EFL classroom: Concept and paradigm. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 4(6), 38-46. Retrieved [October 18, 2017] from: www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_6_No_4_April_2016/25.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/ijefll.v3i1.55

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics); Email: indonesianefl@gmail.com; Web: www.indonesian-efl-journal.org

Creative Commons License
IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics) by http://indonesian-efl-journal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and Abstracted BY:

 

  Hasil gambar untuk gambar moraref