Understanding the Choices of Terms of Address: A Sociolinguistic Study of Malay Cultural Practices

Nor Shahila Mansor, Normaliza Abd Rahim, Roslina Mamat, Hazlina Abdul Halim

Abstract


This paper investigates the choices of second person terms of address in the Malay culture. It examines the different patterns of address terms used in a range of communicative situations by interlocutors coming from diverse social backgrounds. The data for this study was obtained from two Malay dramas Ijab & Qabul (The solemnization of marriage) and Tiga Hari Menanti Mati (Three Days Until Death). These dramas were selected because they reflect in the usage of terms of address in an authentic social context of the Malay culture and represent various interpersonal relationships in a range of situations. This is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Forty-eight different second person terms of address were recorded and analysed in specific contexts based on the framework for classifying address terms established by Kroger, Wood and Kim (1984). The findings suggest that sociolinguistic elements such as interlocutors, contexts, determinants of interpersonal relationship, and intentions were determining factors influencing the choice of second person terms of address in the Malay culture. These findings have implications on the understanding of current trends in choosing the terms of address among Malay speakers.


Keywords


second person, address forms, Malay language, interpersonal relationship, cultural practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brown, Roger. 1965. Social psychology. Chicago: Free Press.

Brown, Penelope & Levinson, Stephen. 1987. Politeness: Some Universals in Language

Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chao, Yuenren. 1956. Chinese terms of address. Language, 1.217-241.

Dittrich, Winand H., Johansen, Thomas & Kulinskaya, Elena. 2011. Norms and situational

rules of address in English and orwegian speakers. Journal of Pragmatics. Doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2011.09.006

Gan, Aries D., David, Maya K. & Dumanig, Francisco P. 2015. Politeness strategies and

address forms used by Filipino domestic helpers in addressing their Malaysian employers. Language in India, 15(1): 46-73.

Gaudart, Hyacinth. 1999. The trouble with names in Asia. Singapore: SNP Editions.

Hayakawa, Samuel I. 1978. Language in Thought and Action. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace

Jovanovich.

Hei, Kuang C., David, Maya K., Kia, Lau S. & Soo, Ang P. 2011. Opening and closing in

front counter transactions of Malaysian government hospitals. The Journal of the South East Asia Research Centre for Communication and Humanities, 3.13-30.

Kroger, Rolf O, Wood, Linda & Kim, Uichol. 1984. Are the rules of address universal? III:

Comparisons of Chinese, Greek and Korean usage. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 3.273-284.

Normala Othman. 2006. Current trends in pronoun usage among Malay speakers. Paper

presented at Tenth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. 17-20 January 2006. Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines.

Parkinson, Dilworth B. 1985. Constructing the Social Context of Communication: Terms of

Address in Egyptian Arabic. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Qin, Xizhen. 2008. Choices in terms of address: A sociolinguistic study of Chinese and

American English practices. Proceeding of the 20th North American Conference on Chinese Linguistics (NACCL-20), Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University.

Raminah Hj. Sabran & Rahim Syam. 1984. Kajian bahasa untuk pelatih maktab perguruan

[A study of language for trainers in teacher institutions]. Petaling Jaya: Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.

Wood, Linda A. & Kroger, Roger. 1991. Politeness and forms of address. Journal of

Language and Social Psychology, 3.145-168.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/ijefl.v3i2.76

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics); Email: indonesianefl@gmail.com; Web: www.indonesian-efl-journal.org

Creative Commons License
IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics) by http://indonesian-efl-journal.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and Abstracted BY:

 

Hasil gambar untuk gambar moraref