Video-Based Tasks in Strengthening Speaking Skills of EFL College Students

Sebastianus Menggo, Agnetis Basir, Yustus Sentus Halum


All teachers, including speaking instructors, should be able to select the proper interactive media for students' speaking practice. Video-assisted learning tasks in the speaking class have not been explored extensively, despite the reality that video-based tasks are an appropriate choice for students to enhance their speaking ability. This study sought to examine the Effect of video-based tasks on students' speaking skills. In this study, a quasi-experimental design was employed, and the speaking scoring rubric served as the research instrument. Both the experimental group and the control group were comprised of participants. Researchers gave pre-and post-tests to identify the impact of the video-based tasks technique on students' speaking skills. Using a simple random sampling technique, 56 students from the English study program in the first grade at Universitas Katolik Indonesia Santu Paulus Ruteng comprised the research sample; then, the data were analyzed by using a t-test with the assistance of the SPSS 24.0 program. The data analysis of the average student score in the experimental and control groups revealed that the experimental group's average score (80,29) was higher than the control group's average score (67,57). This result demonstrates the significant effects of video-based tasks in teaching speaking. The researchers concluded that video-based tasks were helpful for teaching speaking skills. Moreover, video-based tasks significantly impact students' ICT skills, learning independence, and self-evaluation development. The logical implication of this study's findings is that EFL teachers should use videos to teach English, particularly speaking skills, because it has been demonstrated to have a favorable effect on the respondents' speaking ability.


speaking skill, teaching, video-based tasks

Full Text:



Abugohar, M. A., Al-Hnifat, M. A., Al-Smadi, O. A., Rashid, R. A., & Yunus, K. (2019). English language speaking skill issues in an EMP context: Causes and solutions. International Journal of English Linguistics, 9(3), 211–224.

Ahmadi, M. R., Ismail, H. N., & Abdullah, M. K. K. (2012). Improving vocabulary learning in foreign language learning through reciprocal teaching strategy. International Journal of Learning and Development, 2(6), 186–201.

Al- Eiadeh, A., Al.Sobh, M. A., Al-Zoubi, S. M., & Al-Khasawneh, F. (2016). Improving English language speaking skills of Ajloun national university. International Journal of English and Education, 5(3), 181–195.

Alharthi, T. (2019). Investigating the relationship between vocabulary knowledge and FL speaking performance. International Journal of English Linguistics, 10(1), 37–46.

Amirnejad, A. (2015). The Effect of using cell phone video recording features on Iranian EFL learners’ fluency. Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(4), 927–933.

Askhatova, A. (2020). Importance of vocabulary and spoken grammar in teaching spontaneous speaking skill. Sciences of Europe, 49(3–6).

Astorga-Cabezas, E. D. (2015). The Relationship between listening proficiency and speaking improvement in higher education: Considerations in assessing speaking and listening. Higher Learning Research Communications, 5(2), 34–56.

Atmazaki, A., Ramadhan, S., Indriyani, V., & Nabila, J. (2021). Dialogic-interactive media design for language learning to improve speaking activities and skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1779, 1–9.

Baidawi, A. (2016). Using visual media in teaching speaking. OKARA Journal of Languages and Literature, 1(1), 54–65.

Bajrami, L., & Ismaili, M. (2016). The role of video materials in EFL classrooms. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232, 502–506.

Bataineh, K. B. A., Banikalef, A. A. A., & Albashtawi, A. H. (2019). The Effect of blended learning on EFL students' grammar performance and attitudes : An investigation of moodle. Arab World English Journal, 10(1), 324-334 The.

Brown, H. D. (2004). Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. Addison Wesly Longman Inc.

Cabrera-Solano, P. (2020). The use of digital portfolios to enhance English as a foreign language speaking skills in higher education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(24), 159–175.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). In Research Design : Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). United States of America: SAGE Publication.

Darmuki, A., Andayani, A., Nurkamto, J., & Saddhono, K. (2017). Evaluating information-processing-based learning cooperative model on speaking skill course. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 8(1), 44–51.

Epstein, I., Baljko, M., Thumlert, K., Kelly, E., Smith, J. A., Su, Y., Zaki-azat, J., & May, N. M. (2020). A video of myself helps me learn: A scoping review of the evidence of video-making for situated learning. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 14(1), 1–26.

Fadila, N. N., Setyarini, S., & Gustine, G. G. (2021). Channeling multiliteracies in digital era: A case study of EFL student-made video project in vocational high school. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 6(1), 73–91.

Fadillah, M. R. (2020). Facilitating students’ speaking skills using video-based project. The Second Bogor English Students and Teacher Conference, 97–101.

Fauzan, U. (2017). Inducing critical discourse analysis in speaking syllabus for EFL students of Indonesian Islamic universities. Dinamika Ilmu, 17(1), 129–141.

Fitriyani, F., Dewi, R. S., & Nahartini, D. (2018). The effectiveness of using English self-video recording on students’ speaking skill of recount text. The 1st International Conference on Recent Innovations, 1224–1230.

Fu, J. S., & Yang, S. (2019). Exploring how YouGlish facilitates EFL learners’ speaking competence. Educational Technology and Society, 22(4), 47–58.

Gilakjani, A. P. (2016). English pronunciation instruction: A literature review. International Journal of Research in English Education, 1(1), 1–8.

Hakim, M. I. A. A. (2016). The use of video in teaching English speaking. Journal of English Education, 4(2), 44–48.

Harkio, N., & Pietilä, P. (2016). The role of vocabulary breadth and depth in reading comprehension: A quantitative study of Finnish EFL learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 7(6), 1057–1068.

Hukom, S. J. (2019). Story completion: A technique in teaching speaking. Tahari Journal, 16(2), 1–9.

Husnu, M. (2018). Demonstration technique to improve vocabulary and grammar element in teaching speaking at EFL learners. English Language Teaching, 11(2), 26–30.

Iman, J. N. (2017). Debate instruction in EFL classroom: Impacts on the critical thinking and speaking skill. International Journal of Instruction, 10(4), 87–108.

Irawati, D. (2016). Supporting student’s English speaking achievement using video. International Journal of EFL, 1(1), 45–60.

Kavoshian, S., Ketabi, S., & Tavakoli, M. (2016). Reflective teaching through videotaping in an English teaching course in Iran. Journal of Teaching Language Skills, 35(2), 1–38.

Kirkova-Naskova, A. (2019). Second language pronunciation: A summary of teaching techniques. Journal for Foreign Languages, 11(1), 119–136.

Krebt, D. M. (2017). The effectiveness of role-play techniques in teaching speaking for EFL college students. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 8(5), 863–870.

Kurniawan, F. (2016). The use of audio visual media in teaching speaking. English Education Journal, 7(2), 180–193.

Lopez, J. I., Becerra, A. P., & Ramirez-Avila, M. R. (2021). EFL speaking fluency through authentic oral production. Journal of Foreign Language Teaching and Learning, 6(1), 37–55.

Marzuki, M. J., & Nurpahmi, S. (2020). Using video in teaching speaking. English Language Teaching for EFL Learners Journal, 1(1), 13–23.

Masruddin, M. (2018). The efficacy of using short video through group work in teaching speaking to Indonesian English as foreign language students. Arab World English Journal, 9(3), 282-293–293.

Mcnulty, A., & Lazarevic, B. (2012). Best practices in using video technology to promote second language acquisition. Teaching English with Technology, 12(3), 49–61.

Menggo, S. (2021). Perception and barrier on using Zoom in speaking class during COVID-19 pandemic. The First International Conference on Humanities, Education, Language and Culture.

Menggo, S. (2017). Optimalisasi pemanfaatan teknologi audio-visual dalam kompetensi komunikasi bahasa Inggris. Transformasi Pendidikan Abad 21, 88–95.

Menggo, S., & Darong, H. C. (2022). Blended learning in ESL/EFL class. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Learning, 25(1), 132–148.

Menggo, S., Darong, H. C., & Semana, I. L. (2022). Self-regulated learning method through smartphone assistance in promoting speaking ability. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 13(4), 772–780.

Menggo, S., Midun, H., & Pandor, P. (2021). Students’ digital literacy competence and English study habits. The 1st International Conference on Education, Humanities, Health, and Agriculture.

Menggo, S., Suastra, I. M., & Padmadewi, N. N. (2019). Self-recording videos to improve academic English-speaking competence. The Asian EFL Journal, 25(5.2), 133–152.

Menggo, S., Suparwa, I. N., & Astawa, I. G. (2019). Hindering factors in the achievement of English communicative competence in tourism academy students. Aksara, 31(1), 137–152. 152

Miyliyeva, S. Q. (2022). Improving vocabulary skills using video games. Scientific Progress, 3(2), 405–408.

Namaziandost, E., Abedi, P., & Nasri, M. (2019). The role of gender in the accuracy and fluency of Iranian upper-intermediate EFL learners’ L2 oral productions. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 6(3), 1–14.

Namaziandost, E., & Shatalebi, V. (2019). The impact of cooperative learning on developing speaking ability and motivation toward learning English. Journal of Language & Education, 5(3), 83–101.

Nova, M. (2017). Utilizing video for technology integration support in Indonesian EFL classroom: Usages and obstacles. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 2(1), 15–28.

Novianda, R. (2017). Teaching speaking by using picture strip stories. English Education Journal, 8(3), 386–403.

Oktavia, S., Suwandi, S., & Setiawan, B. (2020). Directive speech act in interactive videos of Indonesian language learning in senior high school. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(11), 157–165.

Pereira, M. J. C., Bermúdez, J. A. L., & Medina, L. A. . (2018). Improving L2 oral accuracy and grammatical range through self-assessment of video speech drafts. Profile: Issues in Teachers’ Professional Development, 20(2), 127–142.

Pramerta, I. G. P. A. (2018). Interactive video as English teaching materials for speaking. Jurnal Santiaji Pendidikan, 8(1), 45–52.

Putri, R. N., & Rahmani, B. D. (2019). Students perception on using video recording to improve their speaking accuracy and fluency. UHAMKA International Conference on ELT and CALL, 113–122.

Qindah, S. (2018). The effects of blended learning on EFL students’ usage of grammar in context. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational & Social Sciences, 10, 11–22.

Radzuan, N., Khan, R., Shahbaz, M., Ibrahim, A., & Mustafa, G. (2018). The Role of vocabulary knowledge in speaking development of Saudi EFL learners. Arab World English Journal, 9(1), 406–418.

Rahmawati, Y., & Ertin, E. (2014). Developing assessment for speaking. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 1(2), 199–210.

Rao, P. S. (2019). The importance of speaking skills in English classrooms. Alford Council of International English & Literature Journal, 2(2), 6–18.

Ridha, S. K., Bostanci, H. B., & Kurt, M. (2022). Using animated videos to enhance vocabulary learning at the Noble Private Technical Institute (NPTI) in Northern Iraq/Erbil. Sustainability, 14(12), 1–14.

Roslee, N. B., Hoon, T. A., Ishak, N. A. P. B. M., & Yeun, Y. C. F. (2019). Enhancing students’ speaking performance: Role of feedback and blended-learning. Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 13(1), 144–152.

Saed, H. A., Haider, A. S., Al-Salman, S., & Hussein, R. F. (2021). The use of YouTube in developing the speaking skills of Jordanian EFL university students. Heliyon, 7(7), 1–6.

Saito, K., & Akiyama, Y. (2017). Video-based interaction, negotiation for comprehensibility, and second language speech learning: A longitudinal study. Language Learning, a Journal of Research in Language Studies, 67(1), 43–74.

Salam, N., Ubaidillah, M. F., & Putri, A. N. (2020). Indonesian ESP students’ willingness to communicate in English: Focusing on situated factors. Journal of Asia TEFL, 17(2), 463–478.

Sari, Y. N., & Margana, M. (2019). YouTube as a learning media to improve the student's speaking ability in the 21st century. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 4(2), 263–273.

Sayuri, S. (2016). Problems in speaking faced by EFL students of Mulawarman university. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 1(1), 47–61.

Sherine, A., Sastry, M. M., & Seshagiri, A. V. S. (2020). Improving second language speaking and pronunciation through smartphones. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 14(11), 280–287.

Somjai, S., & Soontornwipast, K. (2020). The integration of implicit and explicit vocabulary instruction, project-based learning, multimedia, and experiential learning to improve Thai EFL senior high school student's vocabulary ability. Arab World English Journal, 6(6), 171–190.

Suadi, S. (2021). Students' perceptions of the use of zoom and WhatsApp in ELT amidst Covid-19 pandemic. SALEE: Study of Applied Linguistics and English Education, 2(1), 51–64.

Sumardi, S., ‘Adzima, R., & Wijaya, A. N. (2020). Digital video project: An authentic assessment to assess students’ speaking skills. Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics, 5(1), 57–72.

Syafitri, A., Asib, A., & Sumardi, S. (2018). An application of Powtoon as a digital medium: Enhancing students’ pronunciation in speaking. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(2), 295–317.

Syafitri, W. (2017). Improving students’ speaking ability through video making. MELT Journal, 2(1), 48–58.

Syafryadin, S. (2020). The Effect of talking chips technique toward the students' speaking achievement. Linguistics: Journal of Linguistics and Language Teaching, 6(2), 1–13.

Syvak, O. (2018). Importance of grammar in ESP. Science and Education a New Dimension Philology, 6(183), 50–52.

Trang, T. T. T., & Hong, N. T. P. (2021). A mobile video recording task-based approach to teaching EFL learners’ speaking skills. International Journal of Science and Management Studies, 4(4), 96–116.

Wahyuningsih, S., & Afandi, M. (2020). Investigating English speaking problems: Implications for speaking curriculum development in Indonesia. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(3), 967–977.

Wicaksono, A. (2017). Using video recording to improve students’ speaking ability. International Conference on English Language Teaching, 21–24.

Wijaya, M. S., & Sari, M. (2017). Inside 0utside circle: Teaching students’ speaking skill. ELT Echo : The Journal of English Language Teaching in Foreign Language Context, 2(2), 114–123.

Yakışık, B. Y., & Çakır, A. (2017). Dynamic assessment of prospective English teachers’ speaking skills. European Journal of English Language Teaching, 2(1), 22–52.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics); Email:; Web:

Creative Commons License
IJEFL (Indonesian Journal of EFL and Linguistics) by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed and Abstracted BY: